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Dr. Neelam Kumar* and Dr. Kalpna


Ras Shastra deals with Parada and it is considered better than herbal medicines because these are the herbo-mineral compounds. Different formulations of Parada in Ayurveda particular in Ras shastra can be divided into four parts[1] kupipakva Rasayana (medicines prepared in heat resistant bottles), kharaliya Rasayna (medicines which are prepared by grinding), Parpati Rasayana (medicines in which flakes are prepared) Potali Rasyana (medicines which are prepared in potali). A unique property of Parpati among four is that the form of the compounds has been changed completely from powder form to crystal form to enhance the effect of the drug. Parpati kalpana is described in the Grahani roga and its complications most of times. The constituents of different Parpaties vary according to complications of Grahani with its different dose (vardhaman prayog). The pharmaceutical phase of Parpati kalpana is special. The drugs are melted in ghrit smeared earthen/iron pot and then it is spread on the plantain leaves which are placed on thick layer of fresh cow dung smeared on ground uniformly this make it special manufacturing method. According to Ayurveda the grahani roga is due to reduced pitta with This manufacturing technique of parpati, some part of Pitta get absorbed from gomaya through smeared banana leaves. The crystals of Ras Parpati do not get digested at stomach level and it produces a local effect on the Grahani organ which is the place of shashti pitdhara kala.[2] In grahani/ malabsorption syndrome there is huge loss of potassium ions in the stool, to overcome this loss the use of kadli patra in manufacturing of Parpati is signified. The reduce pitta in grahani roga is fulfilled from the cow dung which is rich in pitta. Other Parpaties are also described according to the complications of grahani/malabsortion syndrome. These parpaties have high therapeutic value with high potency, less toxicity and are cost effective preparations. Considering the detail in this paper an honest attempt has been made to have a systemic review.

Keywords: Parpati, grahani, Parad, Rajyakshma, Purvakarma, Paschat Karma.

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