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Abstract

REVIEW ON PRAKRITI (HUMAN CONSTITUTION) IN THE VIEW POINT OF PHARMACOGENOMICS

Dr. Hari Aumshree Nair*, Dr. Mita Mashru and Dr. Rakesh Salve

ABSTRACT

Pharmacogenomics is the science that analyses individual responses to therapeutic agents and their genetic inheritance. It is a re-definition of diseases on the molecular level so that diagnosis & therapeutics can be targeted to specific patient populations sub typed on the basis of genetic make-up & thereby offer the right treatment for right patient population. According to Ayurveda, every individual possesses a unique constitution referred as prakrti and this prakrti forms the basis of health and disease. Prakrti based medicine can play a vital role in this changing scenario of global health wisdom as Ayurveda offers its modalities by way of ahara (diet), vihara (lifestyle), and aushadhi (medication), which are the three pillars of prakrti-based medicine making. Information extracted from various Ayurvedic classics i.e. Charaka, Sushruta, Ashtanga Hridaya and Ashtanga Sangraha, other treatise and relevant articles are revised for correlation. The benefits of knowing your , its role in health care and wellness, factors influencing the formation of and its relationship with epigenetic factors as understood in Traditional Indian medicine (Ayurveda) are explained. Prakrti of a person is unique as a genome sequence. Correlation of prakrti with genomics is done with the above principle. Selection of appropriate medicine for a person Prakrti type is the most practical and time tested method followed in Ayurveda since ages. It is inexpensive and the methods are easy to remember and can be practiced easily by physicians and individuals for their health benefits. It is comprehensive in scope, spanning both physical and mental aspect. It is not merely a diagnostic tool but also a guide to action for good health.

Keywords: Ayurveda, Pharmacogenomics, Prakrti.


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