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Dr. Ashwini J. Batvada* and Dr. Gopal B. Sharma


In various classics of Ayurveda, Kala is described as an anatomical structure which is one of the most difficult topic to understand scientifically. Kala is a unique and very important structure described by Sushruta in broad sence. Kalas are not the formative elements or mechanical support of Dhatus but these are the membrane with special functions. Sushruta has mentioned seven Kalas they are called as boundaries between the Dhatu and Ashaya, named as Dhatvashayantarmaryada. Kleda which present in between the Dhatus and Ashaya metabolized under the influency of Dehoshma thus it forms the Kala. Among the Sapta Kala mentioned, Pittadhara kala stands sixth in order. It holds significant importance in anatomy and physiology of our body. It has great clinical significance. Pittadhara Kala is placed between the Amashaya and Pakvashaya. It holds the food and digestion of four variety of food mentioned in Ayurveda. Digestion in terms of Pachana –Vivechana – Mumchana based on Agni. All functions of Pitta are attributed to Pittadhara kala. Imapaired Pittadhara Kala means impaired Agni and development of Ama. Ajeerna Vyadhi is one of the disease caused due to Agnimandya. In present era, sedentary life style causes Ajeerna in most of the people. The word Ajeerna it self signifies the state of incomplete prosess of digestion on indigested food due to poor Agni which leads to Agnimandya. Hence disturbance in Pittadhara Kala causes Ajeerna Vyadhi.

Keywords: Pittadhara Kala, Ajeerna, Pachana.

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