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Abstract

PREVALENCE, OTHER BIOCHEMICAL LIPID PARAMETRES AND GLYCAEMIC CONTROL STATUS AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETIC 35 YEARS AND ABOVE URBAN POPULATION OF BURAIDAH CITY

Dr. Abdulaziz Sulaiman Alsaif*, Dr. K. Chandra Sekhar, Dr. Asim Fahad AlKhalifah

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rapidly rising all over the world and challenging health problems of the 21st century. Among the diabetic population glycaemic control and lipid abnormalities plays very important role in quality of life of the Diabetic population. Objectives: To find the prevalence, glycaemic control and biochemical lipid parametres among the type 2 Diabetic population in Primary health care centres of Buraidah city. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional institutional based record review study conducted at 10 primary health centres of Buraidah from December 2017 to May 2018 among the 35 years and above age group individuals of 300 sample. Simple random method was used for the selection of primary health care centres, after getting institutional ethical committee clearance. Data entered in SPSS 21.0 Version and necessary statistical tests like simple proportions, chi square tests were applied. Results: Average prevalence of type 2 Diabetes mellitus in all the 10 primary health care centres of Buraidah city above 35 years age group was 16.02%. There was 25.6% (77/300) were having abnormal cholesterol level in the study sample. In the study population, there was 75.6% (227/300) were having abnormal glycosylated haemoglobin level. Conclusions: Based on the results, on the whole, Prevalence of type 2 diabetes was not high comparatively other studies reported in the kingdom. High level of glycosylated haemoglobin levels noticed in the study population. There is a need to identify the risk factors before onset of diabetes through screening programs and also after onset of the diabetes, there is a stringent control and periodical regular monitoring is required to provide good quality of life to the individual.

Keywords: Prevalence, Glycaemic control, Serum Cholesterol, Serum Triglycerides.


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