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S. Narendra Kumar*, Dr. Lingayya Hiremath, Ullas Karti, Akshaya A., Pavitra Rajur, Raksha M. and Shravani K. S.


(-)- Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is a derivative of citric acid and can be found in plant species native to South Asia such as Garcinia cambogia, Garcinia indica, and Garcinia atroviridis. Sometimes, it can also be found in parts of the flowers of Hibiscus subdariffa and Hibiscus rosasinensis plants. HCA balances stress hormone levels in our body. It plays a very important role in increasing the levels of serotonin in brain. It also acts as appetite suppressant by reducing cravings and the urge for consumption of calories. It also increases the rate of metabolism by preventing the production of enzyme that retards the rate of metabolism. Hence, it helps in weight loss by inhibiting the calories to be converted to fat and promoting its conversion into glycogen. It also helps to develop muscles. Because of all these advantages, HCA has gained the attention of people who want to reduce their weight without many side effects. The aim of this systematic review is to examine the efficiency of HCA extracted from the Garcinia genus as a weight reduction agent, by studying the chronological development of HCA molecule from 1993 to 2019 which includes the isolation and purification of HCA from Garcinia genus, methods to improve the efficiency of HCA by using different substances like chromium, potassium salt, niacin bound chromium, mechanism involved in obesity control, effect of HCA on physical fatigue. Studying the effects of different concentration of HCA on weight loss and their market value. This paper also discusses various patents regarding food products produced from HCA, weight loss composition, production of HCA from microbes and also using them for commercial use like topical deodorant.

Keywords: (-)- Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is Garcinia atroviridis.

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