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Dr. Dhanashree Ghotkar* and Dr. Ajay Kumar Sharma


According to Ayurvedic Sharir Rachana heart is a Sadhya Pranhar Marma so any structural or functional deformity can change into fatal condition. Coronary artery disease popularly known as heart blockages occurs due to formation of plaque which occludes the coronary arteries supplying oxygen rich blood to heart muscle. Sometimes this plaque becomes mobilise and forms an embolism which worsens the condition. This leads to variety of symptoms ranging from chest pain (angina pectoris), shortness of breath, ischaemia or infarction. In Ayurvedic literature, this condition is described in Kaphaj Hridrog which takes place due to formation of Ama. Ras Shastra is a branch of Ayurveda which deals with formation of herbo-mineral drugs. In
Kaphaj Hridrog there is a drug mentioned as Hridayarnav Ras. It consists of Parad,Gandhak and Tamra Bhasma processed with Kakmachifal Swaras and Triphala Swaras. Triturition of Parad & Gandhak is done to make Kajjali. This Kajjali performs the function of catalyst. While Tamra Bhasma acts as scraping agent which performs the function of Lekhana. The present article reveals the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of Hridayarnav Ras with special reference to coronary artery disease.

Keywords: Ras Shastra, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, Hridayarnav Ras, coronary artery disease, Kaphaj Hridrog, Kajjali, Marma.

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