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Dr. Pallvi Pandey*, Dr. Smriti Pandey and Dr. Anuj Kumar


Introduction: Pranayam can be defined as controlling of the motion of exhalation and inhalation. It is a combination of three breath exercise puraka, kumbhaka and rechaka. Pranayam is a practice that helps to control the breathing voluntarily. It helps to change the depth, rate and pattern of breathing. Aim: The present study was conducted to understand the effects of pranayama on Vital parameters like respiratory rate, breathing rate, pulse rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation and Lung parameters like vital capacity and breath holding time in healthy subjects divided into three groups on the basis of age. Material and Methods: Healthy subjects were directed to perform the pranayam daily for 30 minutes for a period of 15 days. Vital Parameters and lung parameters were assessed before and after pranayam session of 15 days. The parameters were analyzed by paired t-test. Results: Significant increase was observed in case of vital capacity, oxygen saturation, breath holding capacity and significant decrease was observed in breathing rate, pulse rate, in all three groups compared to pre pranayam practice. Conclusion: From this study it was concluded that the practice of pranayam can be adviced to improve the vital parameters and lung parameters. The study showed the benificial effect of pranayam and make the systems of body to function at its best.

Keywords: Yoga, Pranayam, Lung Parameters, Vital Parameters, Vital Capacity, Oxygen Saturation, Breath Holding Time.

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