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Abstract

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF PURISHDHARAKALA AS ASTHIDHARAKALA W.S.R. TO ASHRAYASHRAYI RELATION AND BASTICHIKITSA

Dr. Nirmala Telrandhe*, Dr. Rupali Bedre, Dr. Prerana Karare, Dr. Swati Kamble, Dr. Neha Kothari

ABSTRACT

In classical Ayurvedic text Kala is defined as “Dhavtashayantargat maryada”, it means Kala is layer or membrane present between Dhatu and Ashaya. Acharya Sushrut has described Kalasharir in Sharirshtana of Sushrut Samhita. Amongest the seven Kalas Pureeshdhara Kala is the fifth one; its commentator Dalhan has stated Purishdharakala as Asthidharakala in Kalpsthana with reference to seven Vishavegas. This can be explained by Ashrayashrayi Relationa of Asthidhatu and Vatadosha. The location of Purishdharakala and Vatadosha is Pakwashaya. In classical Ayurveda text, Basti has been described as main treatment of Vatadosha and Asthi Dhatu. This interrelation gives new concept of co-relation of Purishdharakala as Ashtidharakala. Same concept has been applied by Acharya Sushruta of Sneha Basti in Asthi Bhagna. Basti directly acts on Vatadosha and ultimately on Asthidhatu as per AAshrayashrayi Relationa. As per modern science smooth muscle cell membrane of intestine has far more voltage gated calcium ion channels for generation of action potential i.e. for gastrointestinal movement. This article is an attempt to analyze Acharya Dalhana’s concept of Purishdharakala as Asthidharakala with special reference to Basti chikitsa in relation with Ashrayashrayi Relationa of Vata Dosha and Asthi Dhatu.

Keywords: Purishdharakala, Asthidharakala, Ashrayashrayi Relationa, Pakwashaya, Ca ion Channel.


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