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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF LEAF OF PAVATE (PAVETTA INDICA LINN) A FOLK MEDICINAL PLANT

Dr. Shruti Kamble*, Dr. Chandrakanth Bhat, Dr. Hariprasad Shetty and Suchitra N. Prabhu

ABSTRACT

Background & Objectives: Pavetta indica Linn is a stout bushy shrub of Rubiaceae family distributed throughout the India and used by the folklore practitioners in various conditions. The leaf of this plant possess many therapeutic uses such as analgesic and antiinflammatory. It is also used in the form of paste (kalka) in Agni lepa chikitsa both internally and externally in folk practice. The present work has been designed to describe the Pharmacognostic and phytochemical characters of the leaves of Pavetta indica Linn. Materials & Methods: Macroscopic, microscopic evaluation and phytochemical study of the leaf of Pavetta indica Linn were carried out. Results: Pharmacognostic study showed various structures in leaf such as spongy parenchyma, calcium oxalate crystals etc. Phytochemical study showed presence of alkaloids, glycosides, carbohydrates, tannins, phenols and lipids. In qualitative analysis of HPTLC 7 peaks were detected at 366nm. Analytical study showed loss on drying (6.62%), total ash (2.46%), acid insoluble ash (1.14%), and water insoluble ash (2.86%) within API standards which shows standard quality of the drug. The aqueous and alcohol extractive values were 38.08%, 22.64% respectively.

Keywords: Pharmacognostic, phytochemical, Pavetta indica Linn, folklore.


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