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Abstract

A PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF ALLIUM SATIVUM – W.S.R TO ALLICIN CONTENT

*Tak Anjna, Thakur Kumar Sudarshan and Das Kumar Arun

ABSTRACT

Allium sativum has attracted the interest of many researchers due to its wide range of therapeutic effects with minimal adverse reactions. Its role in promoting the female reproductive health can be well understood from the fact Acharya Kashyap in his text has described a full chapter Lashuna Kalpadhyaya mentioning that the woman consuming Lashuna will not suffer from diseases of kati, shroni (pelvis), gramyadharma janya rogas (sexually transmitted diseases) and infertility. Its effects are mainly attributed to its chemical constituents like Allicin, Ajoene and certain other sulphur compounds etc. In the present study, bulbs of Allium sativum were dried and in controlled temperature and fine powder was made. It was filled in capsules and clinical trial was done in the patients of Hypomenorrhoea. In context of this, a phytochemical study of dried powder of Allium sativum was done and various chemical constituents of garlic have been investigated to support its pharmaco-therapeutic actions as per clinical study. As Allicin is the main alkaloid present in garlic, special attention was given to it. As the concentration of Allicin varies according to methods of processing, its loss on drying was assessed by the phyto-chemical analysis.

Keywords: Lashuna (Allium sativum), Garlic, Allicin, Thio-2-propene-1-sulfinic acid Sallyl ester, Alliin, Ajoene, phytochemical analysis, Yamuna Safed (G-1).


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