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Abstract

STUDIES ON PHYTOCHEMICALS OF ENTEROMORPHA COMPRESSA (L.) NEES- A GREEN ALGA FROM RAMESHWARAM COASTLINE, TAMIL NADU, INDIA

Sona P., Ravi P., Ambiga K., Manivannan M., Ashwathaman S. and G. Subramanian*

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to investigate the biochemicals of E. compressa in Rameshwaram Coastline, Tamil Nadu, India. The biochemical composition of total proteins, total carbohydrates, total phenols, total lipids, total chlorophylls, and total carotenoids was analyzed using the standard procedure in fresh algal material. The phytochemical screening of ethanol extract was analyzed using the standard procedure for fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). This study showed that the E. compressa contained a high level of carbohydrates (336 mg/g of fw), followed by proteins (204 mg/g of fw.), lipids (17.2 mg/g of fw), phenols (16.3 mg/g of fw.), chlorophylls (3.86 mg/g of fw) and low level of carotenoids (2.12 mg/g of fw). The presence of functional groups such as amides, phosphorus compound, alcohols, phenols, and halogen compounds was confirmed by FTIR. The biochemical study of E. compressa showed the presence of various phytochemicals. The studied green seaweed possesses several bioactive compounds and used as medicine and food.

Keywords: Phytochemical, FTIR, Green Alga, Enteromorpha compressa, Rameshwaram.


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