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Abstract

A REVIEW ON MANAGEMENT AND COMPLICATIONS AFTER BARIATRIC SURGERY

V. Satyanarayana*, D. R. Brahma Reddy, N. Veronika, S. Haritha and S. K. Shaheda Afreen

ABSTRACT

Bariatric surgery is one of the main procedure which plays an important role in all medical procedures of weight loss. In current practice guidelines state that bariatric surgery may be considered in patient with a BMI of 40kg/m2. Thus basic bariatric surgery procedures achieved weight loss and maintained principle mechanisms like.[1] Restriction and reduction of food intake by reducing the stomach volume and[2] Malabsorption by reducing the absorptive surface of the alimentary tract. All surgery carries some degree of risks since, Postoperative complications may also occurs i.e. common complications of fistula, hernia, micronutrient deficiencies, nephrolithiasis dumping syndrome, bone loss complications of adjustable gastric banding, band slippage, pouch enlargement, band erosion. In Sleeve gastrectomy complications are bleeding, gastric leaks, and reflux. After a sleeve gastrectomy or gastric bypass patients must follow a post operative dietary progression that begins with liquids and concludes with a transition of small amount of regular food.

Keywords: Weight loss, Bariatric surgery, Conventional Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, Adjustable gastric band, Biliopancreatic diversion, Complications after bariatric surgery, Management.


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