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Vd. Arun A. Shinde* and Dr. Subhash G. Marlewar


In India, 10-15% of couples in the reproductive age group are estimated to be infertile. In those, 25% cases are of male infertility.[1] A detailed description of examination of the seminal fluid is available in the Ayurvedic classics. In practice, the terms retas, sukra, and virya to be vaguely used as a synonymous for semen. However, these words are to be meaned for a specific purpose; that is to say, shukra denotes the whole testicular secretion comprising of sperms and male hormones; while retas denote the ejaculatory part and Virya denotes the androgens. It is observed that the modern method of semen analysis has low predictive power because of lack of technology to precisely assess the pregnancy inducing capability of the sperm and inherent variability in semen quantity & quality among the men. Also, it has been commonly reported in the recent studies that men are showing good semen parameters and still not able to conceive after a long non protective relationship.[2] Ayurveda gives prime importance to maintain good health as well as happiness.[3] For happiness and harmony of life it is necessary to achieve all the goals of life. Progeny is the essential part of human life along with happiness. Ayurveda had explained Klaibya[4], Napunsaka and Shukra[5] dhatu dosha concepts which affecting to male infertility. For the assessment of morbidities in shukra dhatu, the Retas Pareeksha[6] (Semen examination) is being used in world most ancient and rational system i.e. Ayurveda, described in Charaka Samhita.

Keywords: Retas Pareeksha, shukra dhatu, Napunsaka, semen, infertility.

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