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Abstract

DRUG USE EVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTICS IN NON TEACHING TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Ravi Pratap Pulla*, V. Satyanarayana, J. Sankeerthana, A. J. Vishali, D. Himaja,
B. Prashanthi

ABSTRACT

Objective: The main objective is to investigate the irrationality of
prescribing patterns of antibiotics in prescription. This helps in
improvise rationality of antibiotics by enhancing quality of life and
socio-economic status of patient. Methodology: It is a prospective
observational study done at Asian Institute of Gastroenterology
Hospital, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, Telangana. Results: A total of 170
patients consisting of 101 males (59.4%) and 69 females (40.54%)
were enrolled. Among these majority of patients 45(26.47%) were in
the age group of 41-50 years. 92(54.12%) patients were prescribed
with antibiotics in General Medicine department. The most commonly
prescribed antibiotics were Cephalosporin’s and tetracyclines. Majority
of drugs 66.32% with single drug was prescribed in General Medicine
department followed by 23.68% in Neurology. Of the 170 patients
analyzed in various departments, it was observed that hospital physicians prescribed
antibiotics more rationally with no banned drugs and lesser newer drugs. Conclusion: This
study states that development of clinical pharmacy services is also necessary to improve
rational prescribing of antibiotics. Utilizing of clinical pharmacy services shows benefit of
patient health related outcomes and also improves the economic status of patients.

Keywords: Antibiotics, Prescribing pattern, Antibiotic resistance, Cephalosporin’s, General Medicine, Neurology, Quality of Life.


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