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Subhash Y. Raut and Aditi*


Experimental models provide surgical training and skills practice by doing it repeatedly and ensure that trainees have some experience before treating humans. It avoids the use of patients. Attainment of surgical competence requires a good balance between knowledge, surgical skill, judgment and professionalism. Sushruta has rightly said that even after learning all the scriptures in depth, a surgeon cannot treat his patients accurately without fear if he has not mastered surgical skills by practicing it repeatedly. To deal this condition, Sushruta has dedicated one chapter on “how to train surgeon by using experimental models without involving human beings”. These experimental models involved parts of plants and animals at that time. From that time till today, we have progressed and many experimental models have been designed to train medical students like live animals, cadavers, bench top models, and virtual reality simulators. This article is devoted to these experimental models right from past techniques, to the current technology and to future innovations.

Keywords: Yogya, Experimental surgical models, Simulator.

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