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Abstract

AN APPROACH TO STANDARDISE MUTRA PARIKSHA WITH THE HELP OF MUTRA VARNA SCALE BASED ON THE CONCEPT OF AYURVEDA

Vd. Varnika Singh*, Dr. Shivakumar Harti, Dr. Shalini Rai and Dr. V. D. Agrawal

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Mutra Pariksha[1] (Urine examination) is a popular Ayurvedic examination for the diagnosis purpose of the diseases. It is one of the Ashtavidha Pariksha (eight fold examination) which is useful for colour, appearance, consistency of urine for different diseases and Dosha involvement. There are a number of Ayurveda researches have been done for the diagnosis of different diseases based on Mutra as Tail Bindu Pariksha (Examination of urine by oil drop method). However, there are no studies (Ayurvedic researches) available regarding the standardisation of colour, consistency etc based on which Ayurvedic diagnosis of the disease can be made. This study was an attempt to standardise colour of urine in three (Peeta, Pandu, Haridra Varnas) variety of Vikrita Mutra (altered urine) in different diseases and to correlate the colour with Dosha involvement according to the diseases as per Ayurveda. Material and Methodology: 30 apparently healthy individual’s urine (20 – 40 years) was collected and examined to standardise the normal urine colour (Prakrita Mutra Varna) and developed a scale. Classical texts have mentioned about different kind of Mutra Varna (urine colours) in different pathological conditions for instance Pandu and Neela Varnas of Mutra mentioned in Vatic Vikaras, Haridra Varna Mutra mentioned in Haridrameha, Pittaj Mutrakriccha, Kamla etc. So taking the references from the classical texts, Mutra Varna Scale (MVS) was developed for three colours only, which are Vikrita Peeta Varna, Pandu and Haridra Varna. These three colours were standardized with the help of six factors of colour i.e. Hue, Saturation, Lumination, Red, Green, and Blue. Result: Correlation coefficient value comes (r = 1) which shows a significant correlation between the urine colour and dominancy of Doshas.

Keywords: Mutra Pariksha, Ashtavidh-Pariksha, Varna, Urine examination, colour factors.


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