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Abstract

A CRITICAL REVIEW ON CONCEPT OF PRAKRITI IN AYURVEDA

Shankar Lal Jat*, Savita, Sharma Kishori Lal and Sharma Ashok Kumar

ABSTRACT

Prakriti means manifestation of special characteristics due to predominance of Doshas (Vata, Pitta and Kapha the functional component of body). All the physiological process are directly controlled by Vata-Pitta and Kapha (three body humors) and Mansika Doshas (functional psychic factors) thus healthy status can be maintained by maintaining normality of Prakriti. Prakriti is defined as the state of an individual in its natural form. Ayurveda classifies people on the basis of Prakriti as every person is supposed to have a fixed Prakriti that is formulated by the condition of Tridosha at the time of union of sperm and ovum inside the uterus. Opposite to the Prakriti is Vikriti which means diseased state of an individual. According to Ayurveda the psychosomatic constitution, as also known as Deha Prakriti, is represented by a description of the Physique, Physiology & psychological make-up of an individual. Almost in all ayurvedic classics the concept of Prakriti (Constituent) has been described with its high thoughts since very beginning. Prakriti one of the most important concepts and decided at the time of conception. Critical review of information related with prakriti has been reviewed in this work. In this article derivation of prakriti, concept of prakriti, formation, factor affecting the development of prakriti, Importance of prakriti, types of prakriti will be described.

Keywords: Prakriti, Vikriti, Ayurveda, Doshas etc.


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