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Abstract

CLINICAL IMPORTANCE OF VAIKALYAKAR MARMA IN MARMA SHARIR

Dr. S. K. Mulay and Dr. Jyoti Shukla*

ABSTRACT

Ayurveda is one of the most reliable and complete medical science. Acharyas elaborated a very special concept in Ayurveda i.e. Marma Sharir (knowledge of vital points). Marma concept was firstly mentioned by Acharya Charak but detail explanation was given by Acharya Sushruta and Acharya Vagbhatta in their respective samhitas. Acharya Sushruta stated every aspect of Marma like definition, signs and symptoms of Marma injury. Marma are 107 vital points on the body having importance regarding traumatic effect. Human body when expose to trauma shows various signs and symptoms depending on severity and type of trauma. Marma is that vital point of the body surface where tauma or injury may cause sudden death or deformity in the body. Marma are classified in different types according to various aspects. Depending upon injurious effect, marmas are of 5 types like Sadyah pranahara, Kalantara pranahara, Visalyaghna, Vaikalyakara and Rujakara marma. Out of them Vaikalyakar marma are the points where injury causes structural or functional deformity. Total no. of Vaikalyakar Marma are 44 as per division depending upon injurious effect according to Acharya Sushruta. There are also some other marma which become Vaikalyakar when get injured near them. This article summarizes exact no. of vaikalyakar marma and their clinical importance as per ayurveda.

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