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Abstract

SEROPREVELANCE OF HEPATITIS B AND C VIRUSES AMONG BLOOD DONORS IN AL-QAAIM GENERAL HOSPITAL BLOOD BANK, IRAQ

Hamdi Khalaf Turki (M.D)*, Ismael Shallal Jubairr (FICMS, Medicine), Pharmacist Baraah Hamdi Khalaf*

ABSTRACT

A blood transfusion is transfer of blood or blood products from one person (donor) intoanotherperson (recipient). This usually done as lifesaving maneuver to replace blood cells or blood products lost through severe bleeding, during surgery when blood loss occurs or to increase the blood count in an anemic patients, but it is also have risk of transmitting infections to the recipients. The study object is to assess the infection that comes from blood donors specifically HBV, HCV and associated risk factors among blood donors in major blood bank of Al-Qaaim city hospital, Al-anbar, Iraq. As it is the first study in this region. The study had been done during the period from 25 January to 25 July 2019. Blood samples had been collected using cross sectional survey from blood donors of blood bank. All donors was males their age ranges among 18 to 52 years. All of them were investigated for HBsAg (hepatitis B surface antigen) and anti-HCV (hepatitis B virus antibodies) by ELISA test. We had 1320 donors. The test showed that (7) seven donors seems to be seropositive to HBV, and (3) three had anti-HC-antibody. If we compared these results with other governorates in Iraq it will be close to ours and frequent blood donation is the main risk factors for transmission.

Keywords: Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, Blood bank, AL-Qaaim city.


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