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Nirali Raut* and Meenakshi Rewadkar-Kole*


Eczema is a group of inflammatory skin disease provoked by a wide variety of stimuli i.e direct injury from toxic chemicals, mechanical trauma and immunological reactions. Acute eczema represents wet dermatitis characterized by intense puritis, erythema, oedema, papules, vesicles, oozing, crusting and even blister formation. Prevalence of Atopic eczema is 10-12% during childhood and less than 15% after puberty. Causes of atopic eczema are unknown, but genetic and environmental factors are equally important here. This condition in Ayurveda can be correlated to Vicharchika. The symptoms mentioned by Charkacharya in Vicharchika are Kandu (itching), Pidika (eruptions), Shyavta (blackish discoloration) and bahustrava (discharge); with kapha dosha pradhanya. Vicharchika is a type of Kshudra Kushta. The causes of Kushta include viruddhaanna, asatmya sewan etc which can be related to exposure to allergens and thus presenting atopy. Here, the aim is to study the efficacy of Ayurveda in the management of Eczema with special reference to Vicharchika. This study deals with a case of atopic dermatitis (Wet Eczema), where a male patient was admitted in our hospital and was managed via Ayurvedic therapy which included Shamana, Shodhana and Sthanika karma which was given for a month. Criteria were assesses before and after the treatment. On the basis of the assessed criteria, conclusion was drawn. The given Ayurvedic therapy was found to be significantly effective in the management of Eczema.

Keywords: Ayurvedic Managment, Kushta, Vicharchika, Atopy, Eczema.

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