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Abstract

ANALYTICAL STUDY ON HYPOTHYROIDISM W.S.R TO ADHISHTHANA ANTARANI

*Ibanrihunshisha Wanniang, Dr. Subramanya P. and Dr. Nagaraj S.

ABSTRACT

Hypothyroidism is a disease which is caused by lack of effects of thyroid hormones. The pathogenesis can arise anywhere in the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Thyroid axis. Based on this, it is classified as Primary, and Secondary Hypothyroidism. It is a multisystem disorder and has a wide range of clinical presentations ranging from anorexia of GIT to dry coarse skin of integumentary system and even psychological symptoms like poor memory and concentration. In Ayurvedic classics, there is no disease which has similar clinical presentations as Hypothyroidism so as to be able to co-relate with. However, analysis of the disease can be established by studying the clinical features, etiological factors and undergoing pathological process of the disease. The same was mentioned by Charaka wherein he quotes that any disease which cannot be named (Anukta Vyadhi) should be analysed according to the three tools to arrive at a precise understanding of the disease. These are Vikara Prakruti (clinical features), Samutthana Vishesha (etiological factors) and Adhishthana antarani (pathogenesis). In this study, the analysis of the disease Hypothyroidism in Ayurvedic perspective is done by implementing Adhishthana antarani as a tool i.e three Dosha to understand the undergoing pathological process of the disease.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism, Anukta vyadhi, Adhishthana Antarani.


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