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Abstract

BACTERIOLOGY AND CLINICAL PROFILE OF COMMUNITY ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA IN A TERITARY CARE HOSPITAL

Ayswarya K.P. (Pharm D)*, Arya S. (Pharm D), Shilpa Thampi (Pharm D), Sareena A. (M Pharm)

ABSTRACT

Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is a simple febrile respiratory disease which can range from simple to severe illness and can also lead to death. CAP is a disease with varied aetiologies in which many causative agents are implicated. The study attempts to look into the bacteriological profile with a comprehensive insight of CAP in a teritary care hospital. The causative agents such as, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus Infuenzae, Moraxella catarrahalis also virus such as influenza A and influenza B are the pathogens that rises the disease CAP. According to the age of patients the effect of pathogen varies and the nature of the microbiological organism also varies upon the patients. The nature of organism depend upon the etiologies such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchiectasis, presence of co-morbidities like Diabetic Mellitus, Renal and Hepatic disease. Due to many reasons like frequent use of antibiotic, change in environmental pollution, increased awareness of disease, the bacteriological profile of CAP is different in different countries. The treatment has to be changed to the identified organism when the culture report is obtained.

Keywords: Community Acquired Pneumonia, Bacteriological profile, COPD, Diabetes Mellitus.


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