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Abstract

THE EFFECT OF MATERNAL AND CHILD RISK FACTORS ON DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONE IN CHILDREN LESS THAN 2 YEARS IN KHANAQIN DISTRICT

*Talib A. Mohammad, M. B. Ch. B.H.D.C.H and Azheen A. Muhammd,
M.B.Ch.B.M.C.H

ABSTRACT

Background: Developmental delay occurs when children do not reach their developmental milestones at the expected time. The main causes of developmental delay are often unknown, but maternal and child risk factors are some of the possibilities. Parents often neglect to mention these problem because they think the physician is un interested or can not help. Therefore the need to investigate and screen for the presence of such problem in every health supervision visit developed. Objectives: Study the effect of maternal and child risk factors on developmental milestone in children less than 2 years in khaniqin district. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study has been conducted at a primary health care centers in khaniqin district, from first of March 2019 to end of October 2019. In this study 300 children are included whose aged less than 2 years. 156(52%) fales and 144(48%) males. History(prenatal, natal, post natal) has been taken through direct interview using special questionnaire and assessment of milestone using Denver Developmental Screening Test II which depend on four domains (motor, adaptive, language, and social) is done for all the 300 child. Results: The study participants in the study consisted of 156 girl (52%) and 144 boy (48%). The age of children was less than two years. There were significant relations between developmental delay with child risk factors in motor, adaptive and language domians and with maternal risk factors in motor and language domains. Conclusions: Delay in Motor domain is more frequent in children of no antenatal care mother, delay in adaptive domain is more frequent in children of low birth weight child, delay in language domain is more frequent in child with history of hyperbilirubinemia.

Keywords: Developmental delay; Denver Developmental Screening Test II; Maternal risk factors; Child risk factors.


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