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Abstract

A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF FEBRILE SEIZURE AMONG CHILDREN ADMITTED IN TIRUPPUR GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL

Akhil Satheesh, M. Pharm, Husain. P., M. Pharm, *Dr. R. Senthilselvi, M. Pharm, Ph.D., Mr. S. Raja Rajan, M. Pharm, Dr. V. Ganesh, M. Pharm, Phd, Dr. Divya. A., MBBS, D. P. M.

ABSTRACT

Background: Convulsion is the most common neurologic finding in children. The aim and Objectives were to study the demographic profile and some risk factors of febrile seizures among children. Methods: A record based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at paediatric department of government district headquarters hospital, Tiruppur. Considering inclusion & exclusion criteria all children in the 6 month to 6 year age who were diagnosed as having febrile convulsion admitted during January to December 2018 were included in the study. Results: Of the 150 children 88 (58.7%) were boys and 62 (41.3%) were girls. 38.7% children were in the 2-3 year age group. In this study, 132 (88%) of the patients had simple and 18 (12%) had the complex form of febrile seizure. In our study, 124 (82.7%) of affected children had negative family history of febrile seizure. In this study, 134 patients (89.3%) were not get affected by the post immunization. Most of the febrile seizure lasting for 5-10 minutes (50%). URTI (43%) followed by viral illness (32.7%) was the most common co-morbidity. Conclusions: In this study we concluded that febrile seizure is mostly affected the age group between 2-3 years old and also mainly affected in male child and it last 5-10 minutes. In my study most of them showing the recurrences, the age, sex, increased body temperature and infections is the major risk factor for febrile seizure except the family history. Here commonly occurring seizure is generalized seizure while comparing with partial seizure.

Keywords: Febrile seizure, Upper respiratory tract infection, Viral illness


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