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Abstract

DIABETES AND ORAL HEALTH: AN OVERVIEW

Prashant Purohit*, Priyanka Mishra and Manish Suthar

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a syndrome of abnormal carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism that results in acute and chronic complications due to the absolute or relative lack of insulin. There are three general categories of diabetes: type 1, which results from an absolute insulin deficiency; type 2, which is the result of insulin resistance and an insulin secretary defect; and gestational, a condition of abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy. It is one of the most serious diseases of metabolism. Long-term consequences of hyperglycemia are very heterogeneous and affect partially all tissues and organs of the organism. A number of oral diseases and disorders have been associated with DM, and periodontitis has been identified as a possible risk factor for poor glycemic control and the development of other clinical complications of diabetes. In this review article, we discuss the relevant information about DM associated oral health conditions and role of dental practitioners to take the responsibility to develop programs to educate the public about the oral manifestations of diabetes and its complications on oral health in order to promote proper oral health and to reduce the risk of oral diseases.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin, Periodontal.


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