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Abstract

SLOPE IN THE SKULL-A TOOL IN FORENSICS

*Dr. Srividhya S. MDS, Dr. Saraswathi Gopal K. MDS and Dr. Mahesh Kumar

ABSTRACT

The present study is done to assess the clivus quantitatively by CBCT by measuring the width and length of clivus in axial and sagittal section, also to determine the forensic significance in morhphometric analysis. Material and Methods: The CBCT images of 61 subjects obtained Planmeca Promax 3D Mid ProFace machine using Romexis software.The clivus length and clivus width were measured using Dicom software programme on sagittal images and axial images (DICOM images). Results: The mean of clivus length was statisticallyhighly significant (p<0.001) and higher in males compared to females however the clivus width was statistically not significant (p>0.05) in both males and females. The Pearson correlation coefficient shows that the clivus length and clivus width was directly associated with age. The clivus length was found to be statistically significant in all age groups i.e. statistically significant difference was observed between age groups (p value <0.05). The clivus width was also found to be statistically significant in all age groups i.e. statistically significant difference was observed between age groups (p value < 0.05) The Pearson Correlation between age and clivus width demonstrates a significant positive relation. Conclusion: The CBCT measurement of the clivus dimensions can be used to predict the age of individuals. The clivus dimensions are directly related to age and gender. So it can be concluded that clivus dimensions can be used to differentiate male from female and age determination. However it can also be used as an additional or only parameter when other parameters or measures were inconclusive in medico-legal cases.

Keywords: Clivus, Foramen Magnum, Cone Beam Computed Tomography.


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