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Abstract

A REVIEW ON OBSTACLES AND PREVENTION OF DRUG RELATED PROBLEMS

Bhargavi Gottapu*, Madhuri Komati, Tabitha Sharon M. and Padmalatha Kantamneni

ABSTRACT

Drug – Related Problems (DRPs) are relatively common in hospitalized patient’s and may lead to increase health care cost, hospital stay, morbidity, mortality, and decreased quality of life. Drugs are more essential in prevention of health complaints and treatment of disease condition. The amount of accelerating drug users and available drugs also more complex drug regimen led to complications follow - up, drug interactions and more side effects. Both classification and identification of DRPs are essential to enhance the methods of medication’s use. The problems associated with drug therapy could also be averted by preventive interventions. Several possibilities for prevention of medication errors and especially for prevention exist. Prescribing, transcription and interpretation errors are often reduced by using computerized physician order entry. Some measures to avoid DRPs are the avoidance of look – alike packages, introducing systems for early detection of adverse drug events and education of personnel involved within the drug distribution process. Divided DRPs in hospitalised patients are mainly divided into two categories : intrinsic drug related problems and extrinsic drug related problems. Identification of risk factors that contribute to the event of adverse drug reactions, although the effect of attention on risk factors is probably going to be smaller than the effect of attention on medication systems improvements, may also aid within the prevention of those reactions. Early detection is significant role within the prevention of adverse drug reactions and thus each hospital should have a system for the detection of adverse drug reactions.

Keywords: Drug related problems, prevention, prescribing, Transcription, Interpretation.


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