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Abstract

A REVIEW STUDY ON PRESCRIBING PATTERNS OF DRUGS IN STROKE PATIENTS

Bellamkonda Harsshene*, Shaik Tanisha Bibi, Sreenu Thalla, N. Prathibha and Padmalatha Kantamaneni

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, mainly occurs in elderly patients. Incidence of stroke has nowadays become a major public health problem. Due to inadequate and well defines research in India about the clinical symptoms, medications of stroke, more need of research in this field is very much essential. Our study mainly focused on the major risk factors related for stroke, pattern of prescription of drugs, management and prevention of stroke. Effective prevention and treatment are an important component to reduce the impact of stroke. The role of a pharmacist is very much crucial in improving the outcomes of the patients by conducting a medication utilization strategy program. Our study 1 was a cross sectional observation study conducted in IMS and SMU hospital in Bhubaneswar for over 2 years. Study 2 was a retrospective study conducted in a multispecialty hospital in Ananthapur, Andhra Pradesh. Study 3 was a prospective observational study conducted in a super specialty hospital in Warangal for over 6 months. Study 4 was conducted for a period of seven months in Narayana hrudayalaya hospital. Study 5 was a prospective observational study conducted in cardiology department in sagar hospitals, Bengaluru. In all our 5 studies mentioned we mainly took account of age, risk factors, social habits, prescription guidelines of stroke, prevention and management of stroke. In all our studies elderly patients were more prone to stroke. Hypertension and hyperlipidemia were identified as the major risk factors in our study. Males were more prone to stroke compared to females and elderly patients above 50 years of age were more prone with stroke. Antihypertensive, statins, hypolipidemics were found to be major drugs utilized in the prescription pattern of stroke.

Keywords: Stroke, Drugs, Prescribing pattern.


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