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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STUDIES AND CHROMATOGRAPHICAL EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT MARKET SAMPLES OF MYRISTICA FRAGRANS HOUTT

Dr. Manjunath Dundi*, Dr. Sonali M. Phulsagar and Dr. Giridhar Vedantam

ABSTRACT

Myristica fragrans Houtt. is a well known spices plant which is native of moluccas and now cultivated in many tropical regions in India. Being an potent effective herb, this plant is used richly in various formulations. To maintain quality of the herb in the formualtion, proper control of raw herb is almost essential. The first step to ensuring quality of raw herb is authentification. Despite of modern techniques, identification of the plant by pharmacognostic studies is more reliable. The quality of herb also depends upon many factors like collection, storage, form of drug. Any carelessness in this factors makes the drug less active. Hence with the above rationale, the present studyis undertaken to know the effect of collection of same sample of Jatiphala from different regions by performing different qualitative and quantitative analysis. Here pharmacognostic and phytochemical evaluation is done on four different samples of Myristica fragrans taken from four different regions of India that is Kerala, Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi. These four samples are analyzed for different extractive values and chromatographic technique. This study provides referential information for identification of this important crude drug from different areas.

Keywords: Myristica fragrans Houtt., Pharmacognostic evaluation, TLC.


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