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Abstract

TRADITIONAL USES OF GUAVA: A REVIEW

S. S. Dange*, P. S. Rao and R. S. Jadhav

ABSTRACT

Psidium guajava is a one of the important food crop as well as medicinal plant in tropical and subtropical countries. It is widely used as food and in folk medicine. Preparations of guava (Psidium guajavaL.) have traditionally used tomanage several diseases. Traditional medicine in cases of diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and parasitic infectionsaroundidentified the medicinally important phyto-constituents. The number ofmetabolites have great yield and some have to possess useful biological activities belonging mainly to phenolic, flavonoid, carotenoid, terpenoid as well as triterpene. Extracts and metabolites of this plant, particularly a leaves and fruits possess useful pharmacologicalactivities. This aims a comprehensive of the chemical constituents, pharmacological and clinical uses of P. guajava is mainly known for its antispasmodic and antimicrobial properties in the treatment ofdiarrhoea and dysentery. It is demonstrated that the pharmacological ability ofthis plant to show antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antiallergy, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, cardioactive, antidiabetic, antiinflamatory and antinociceptive activities. Traditional medicine for the adjuvant treatment of diabetes mellitus in China. Diarrhea is the most common cause of death in children home treatment should be administered by parentsto prevents diarrheal complications. Traditional diarrheal treatment involved the use of Psidium guajava leaves. Flavonoids is the main active components in Psidium guajava leaves and havetoomany multi-physiological functions. Psidium guajava leaves samples contents heigher flavonoid compounds, glycoside and aglycone which possessed the highest antioxidant capacities.

Keywords: Guava; Psidium guajava; Myrtaceae; Pharmacological actions; traditional medicine.


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