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Abstract

ROLE OF RIYAZAT (PHYSICAL EXERCISE) IN MAINTENANCE OF HEALTH MENTIONED IN UNANI MEDICINE

Gazala Fatma*, Abdul Nasir, M. J. Siddiqui and Paras Wani

ABSTRACT

Greek physicians elaborated the concept of health and factors which are essential for its maintenance. Among them, Riyazat (physical exercise) is the very basic and useful tool for maintenance of health. As well as, other recommendations of exercise have also described by them. Unani physicians provided cognitions regarding modes, timing recommendation and benefits of it. Riyazat (physical exercise) is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health. It is performed for various reasons, including strengthening muscles and maintenance of weight and health. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system and helps to prevent the disease such as Type 2 diabetes, obesity, depression and cardiovascular disease. It may also help to promote or maintain positive health and improve mental health generally. In Unani system of medicine Riyazat (physical exercise) is one of the important methods of treatment of regimenal therapy and is used as a voluntary movement with the purpose of tanqiya-e-mawad (evacuation of waste material), for purification of the body in an individual. It maintains good health and prevents the diseases as well. In this paper, we will discuss about the Riyazat (physical exercise) and its broad indications in maintenance of Health mentioned in Unani Medicine.

Keywords: Riyazat; Greek physicians; Health, Exercise.


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