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Abstract

KSHAWATHU(ALLERGIC RHINITIS) – A LITERARY REVIEW

*Dr. Anuja Kumari, Dr. Aditi and Dr. Kush Pandey

ABSTRACT

Sneezing is a symptom of many diseases but in Ayurveda it is mentioned as a separate disease itself name as Kshawathu. Acharya Charak describes “Sansprishya Marmanyanilastu Moordhnivishwakpathasthah Kshawathum Karoti” (C.Chi.26/111). It means when aggravated Vata passes to Moordha (Head region) through Nasa Marga (nasal passage) it comes in contact with Nasa Aashrita Marma(Shringataka Marma) and creates Kshawathu (sneezing). Exposure to Tikshan Dravya, direct sunlight etc. are considered as Nidana (causative factor) of Kshawathu. In Ayurvedic context it is described as Aushadh sadhya (Pradhaman Nasya, Shirobasti, Swedan, Vataghna and Snigdha Dhoompana are describe). Sneezing is one of the main symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is a type of inflammation of the nasal mucosa which occurs when the immune system over - reacts to allergen in the air. It predisposing factor are exposure to dust, temperature changes etc. Where as in modern medical science it is managed medically (avoidance of the allergen, nasal saline irrigation, anti – histamines, corticosteroids, mast cell stabilizers, anti-cholinergic agents, Nasal decongestant, Anti-IgE antibody therapy and immunotherapy). In present paper we will review the literature (Ayurvedic and modern) to draw an analogy between Kshawathu and Allergic Rhinitis.

Keywords: Kshawathu, Allergic rhinitis, Sneezing, Anurjata etc.


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