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Abstract

FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF HERBAL MOUTHWASH

Nazmeen Shaikh*, Shafak Zariwala, Abdullah Jullah, Nikhil Borse and
Assistant Professor Dr. Ripudaman M. Singh

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants, plays vital role in curing diseases due to their antimicrobial and antifungal activity against human pathogens through decades. Herbal Mouthwashes are in high demand, because they act on oral pathogens and relieve the pain instantly and are also less side effective. One of the most common infectious diseases encountered by many individuals are Dental carries and Periodontal diseases at different stages of their life time. Dental caries include the cavity formation, eruption of enamel, swollen gums, bleeding gums, formation of hollow black eruption on the surface of the teeth. In early days, Dental caries are high among Children and Adolescents, because they do not practice proper oral hygiene. Prenominal diseases affect the supporting tissues of teeth. Gingivitis, the mildest form of prenominal disease is generally caused by insufficient oral hygiene. Gingivitis is characterized by inflammation and bleeding of the gum. The main cause of gingivitis is plaque that forms on the surface of teeth and gums. Several antimicrobial chemical agents such as chlorhexidine metronidazole etc. have been used. However, these artificial drugs have unpleasant side effects, so researchers are trying to pay more attention to herbal drugs. Plants and plant’s isolates demonstrates effects that are immune enhancing, antiinflammatory, anticancer etc. Akarkara is used as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory and it is also a great anti- oxidant. It is beneficial for indigestion as it stimulates the secretion of saliva as well as digestive enzymes needed for digestion. The neem solutions are used in decreasing the inflammation of gums, to remove cancer and against dental cavities. Peppermint has an ability to inhibit biofilm formation in the oral cavity in addition to providing a therapeutic benefit in treating periodontitis, gingivitis, and halitosis. It also helps to fight bad breathe. Guava leaves possess flavonoids which is used as an anti-oxidant in conditions of Xerostomia. Thereby, Guava leaves can also be included in the preparation of Herbal mouthwashes.

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