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Abstract

TAKRA IN GRAHANI (IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME) - A REVIEW

Dr. Archana Ajit Chougala*, Dr. Ajit Shankar Pawar and Dr. Sudhir Koli

ABSTRACT

Health is never an issue until we get sick and which is true in present era. Diseases of digestive system are major constitute of health problems in India. Due to the improper faulty diet, fast food, stressful life style, improper food timings in the present era have lead to various diseases in which digestive system disorders are also included. Ayurveda defines health as harmony of dosha, dhatu, Agni, malakriya and cheerful status of atma, indriya and manas.[1] Agni plays an important role in maintaining the metabolic activity of body, responsible for strength, ayu, varna, swastya, utsaha, oja and teja. Extinction of Agni leads to death.[2] “Rogaha sarve api mandagnou” all diseases are caused by mandagni and Grahani is one of them. Grahani is disease of annavaha srotas and one among the Astamahagada which is caused due to Agni dusthi.[3] Agnimandya is root cause of many diseases and plays an important role in samprapti of Grahani. Grahani and Irritable Bowel Syndrome can be corelated on the basis of symptoms. Ayurveda has described various treatment modalities that are useful in treatment of Grahani, among them Takra prayoga is one. Takra is given equal importance to Amruta.[4] Treatment principle in Grahani is Agnivardhana chikitsa by deepana and pachana drugs as Agnimandhya is major cause of Grahani. Takra is tridoshahara, deepaka, pachaka, strotoshodhaka, grahi and probiotic qualities help in regulating functions of gastrointestinal system.

Keywords: Grahani, Takra, Agni.


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