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Abstract

A REVIEW ON BHAGANDARA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PATHYA - APATHYA IN BHAGANDARA

Dr. Khushboo*, Dr. Faeem Ahamad, Dr. Rahul Sherkhane, Dr. V. D. Mahanta, Dr. S. K. Gupta

ABSTRACT

In the modern era, everyone is bounded to cope with a busy and stressful schedule that leads to disruption of a lifestyle that harms the quality and duration of life. These diseases are directly related to disturbed and poorly regulated eating habits. The most common of these diseases are anorectal diseases that are common to humans due to erect posture and habitat. Anorectal disorders are slowly progressing in the population due to the regular diet of junk food and low fibre diet. Anorectal diseases cause the discomfort and pain that makes one's life miserable. Arsha (Piles), Bhagandara (Fistula in Ano) and Parikartika (Fissure in Ano) are the most common diseases around the world. Among them Bhagandara is considered under Ashtamahagada (eight major diseases) by Acharya Sushruta due to its callous attitude. In Ayurveda, ksharasutra ligation is the most effective treatment of Bhagandara, But Acharyas also mentioned the concept of Pathya (wholesome foods and activities) and Apathya (unwholesome foods and activities) as a part of the treatment of this disease. It is very much necessary for the patients to have a diet that will keep their dhatu in good condition and not allow them to get more vitiated from doshas, so patients should follow a healthy dietary approach i.e. Pathya.

Keywords: Bhagandara, Pathya, Apathya.


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