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Abstract

A REVIEW STUDY OF HRIDAYA MARMA

Dr. Reena Nagar* and Dr. Dinesh Kumar Sharma

ABSTRACT

In Ayurveda, Acharya has been described about various structures present in our body. Charak Samhita represents Ayurveda in different aspects. The concept of Marma is one such authoritative and unique principle of Ayurveda. Marma, the vital points are one of the important aspects which are also described in various ancient texts of Ayurveda. They are highly vulnerable to injures. Marma are not only anatomical landmarks but they are the sites where Tridosha are present with their subtle form Prana, Ojas (soma), and Tejas (Agni). They also contain three guna namely Sattva, Raja, Tamas and soul or bhutatma. These points when exposed to trauma can fatal and painful. On the other hand these marma are consider as healing points. Acharya Sushruta has described three types of marma can fatal and reduce longevity on trauma and other two types of marma can painful and reduce quality of life on trauma. The Trimarma are the special attributes to the Marma chikitsa. To more or less extent they represent emergency aspect of Ayurveda treatment. Shira, Hridaya and Basti (Trimarma) are the basic authoritative organs representing the three different systems of the body viz.-Nervous system, Cardiovascular system and Urinary system. In this article, detail description of Hridaya Marma will be done.

Keywords: Ayurveda, Marma, Prana, Trimarma.


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