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Abstract

AYURVEDIC TREATMENT MODALITIES IN YONIKANDU: A REVIEW ARTICLE

*Dr. Anita, Prof. Dr. Sujata Kadam and Dr. Meenakshi Pandey

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Yonikandu means sensation of itching in and around vulva & vagina. It is not an independent yonivyapada but experienced as a symptom in different yonivyapadas like in kaphaja, acharana, vipluta, atyananda or wherever there is vitiation of kapha and vata dosha. Abnormal dietetics, mode of life, lack of knowledge of hygiene of genital parts or any external factor are the leading cause of yonikandu. Vitiated kapha dosha causes kedadushti and krimipradurbhava in yoni causes yonikandu and manifested along with vaginal discharge, pain, redness, smell etc. Different treatment modalities in the form of abhyanter chikitsa, sthanika chikisa (local treatment) along with nidanaparivarjana are described to relieve yonikandu according to cause of yonivyapada. Materials & Methods: Ayurvedic Samhita, modern gynaecological texts and ayurvedic literatures related to striroga & prasuti tantra were studied out thoroughly. Original clinical research works and review articles related to yonikandu, yonivyapadas were searched through online database search engine like Pubmed online, Researchgate, Google scholar etc. Six articles were selected and concluded related to yonikandu. Discussion & Results: Yonikandu is a kapha dominant symptom caused due to agnimandya and rasadushti along with vata or sometimes pitta dosha also. Various ayurvedic treatment modalities are found to be very effective in form of internal use of herbal medicine and local gynaecological procedures like yonidhawana, pichu, yonidhoopana, yonivarti etc. Drugs having laghu, ruksha, ushna properties, katu-tikta-kashya rasa and katu vipaka pacify kapaha dosha and offers instant local relief by antiseptic-antibacterial-antifungal effect, maintains local hygiene and normalize vaginal PH. Significant results were seen in treatment of yonikandu in different clinical trials. Conclusion: Yonikandu is an irritable entity for which a female has to seek healthcare. Drugs pacify kapha and vata dosha due to their krimighna, kandughna, vranaropana, kledasoshana, shothahara effect and treat yonikandu. Thus nidanaparivarjana, sthanika chikitsa and abhyanter chiktsa are significantly effective in treating the root cause of yonikandu.

Keywords: Yonikandu, sthanika chikitsa, Yonivyapada, Pruritus vulvae.


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