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Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF PRESCRIPTION PATTERN AND RATIONAL USE OF ANTIBIOTICS – A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Sanjay Sreekumar K., Aiswarya Nair U., Ashika P. P.*, Sumiya P. H., Swetha A., Nadeem Mahshooque T. C.

ABSTRACT

Background: Evaluate and assess the rational use of antibiotics and prescription pattern to maximise the drug safety. Objective: Drug use evaluation according to WHO prescribing indicators. To check the rationality of antibiotic drug use and to analyse the prevalence of sensitivity test in prescription of antibiotics. Methodology: A prospective observational study conducted at PVS Hospital (P) Ltd, Calicut. The necessary data were collected from patient medical charts by using the data collection forms. Patients treated with at least one antibiotics were included. Results: About12 categories of antibiotics were used in the prescriptions. Out of 120 cases taken,29 patients did their sensitivity tests. Rationality of antibiotics were checked 170(79.8%) of antibiotics are rational and the remaining 43(20.18%) of antibiotics were irrational. Conclusion: Antibiotics usage was found to be reasonable. When taking the prescription pattern of antibiotics, below 50% of antibiotics were prescribed from the essential drug list. Sensitivity pattern were checked only 29 out of 120 cases. Rationality of antibiotics to disease have no relation but it highly depends on drug and the prescribing pattern of antibiotics.

Keywords: Rationality, Antibiotic Sensitivity, Prescribing Pattern.


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