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Abstract

AYURVEDIC APPROACH IN MANAGEMENT OF DYSLIPIDEMIA: A CASE STUDY

Dr. Aakanksha Sharma*, Dr. Pramod Mishra, Dr. Rahul Parashar and Dr. Vijay Bhushan Sharma

ABSTRACT

Dyslipidaemia is a condition in which there are high levels of fat particles (lipids) in the blood. According to Indian heart journal high cholesterol level is present in 25–30% of urban population and 15– 20% of rural population. This prevalence is lesser in countries with high income. The most common type of dyslipidaemia in India are borderline high LDL, high level of triglycerides and lower HDL level in blood. Of all the factors associated with CHD (e.g., plasma cholesterol, high blood pressure, cigarette smoking, lack of physical activity) plasma cholesterol has a very high statistical significance with the incidence of CHD. The risk of CHD appears to increase as the plasma cholesterol concentration rises. Various studies have supported the role of elevated blood levels of cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) in the development of atherosclerosis. Geographical studies have shown that there is no population in whom CHD is common that does not have a relatively high mean level of plasma cholesterol (TC) in adults. According to Ayurveda Dyslipidaemia is resulting from Medodhatu Dushti. In this situation Nidan Privarjan (elimination of causes) and pursue of specific Pathya-apathya measures are very helpful in the management of Dyslipidaemia. In present case we applied the principle of Medo-dhatu chikitsa for Dyslipidaemia. Dyslipidaemia is a major problem now a day. Most common treatment used according to modern science is Statins such as Simvastatin, Lovastatin, Atorvastatin, Rosuvastatin etc. which have their own side effect like headache, difficulty in sleeping, flushing of skin, muscle aches, tenderness, myalgia, drowsiness, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, abdominal cramping or pain etc. so statins may cause more harm than good. As Dyslipidaemia is a lifestyle related disorder, there is a great need of proper lifestyle modification along with appropriate natural treatments, which improve physical condition, to prevent the complaints associated with the disease, and protect from upcoming diseases associated with Dyslipidaemia (like CHD, angina, coronary artery disease, heart attack). In this context Ayurveda provide the safe, cheap, side effect free management for Dyslipidaemia. The authors tried to share their experiences through this case study to establish that Ayurvedic treatment in the form of specific Pathya Ahara-Vihara are very effective in the management of Dyslipidaemia.

Keywords: Dyslipidaemia, Medo-dhatu Dushti, Nidan Privarjan, Pathya-Apathya.


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