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Abstract

OVERVIEW ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY OF TWACHA (SKIN) IN AYURVEDA & CONTEMPORARY SCIENCE

Dr. Trupti Gupta*, Dr. Arun Kumar Gupta and Dr. Satej T. Banne

ABSTRACT

Ayurveda, which is the utmost ancient recognized science of life, contends upon the preclusion of the disease rather than adopting the therapeutic measures.[1] To fulfill these resolves, Ayurveda has revealed various fundamental principles in reference of SharirRachna, Sharirkriya, Chikitsa etc. Sharir is prepared up of doshas, dhatus, updhat and malas.[2] Twacha is measured as updhatu of mamsa dhatu.[3] Twacha is one among the five gyanendriyas.[4] It is a base of sparshanendriya. Twacha has several views and counterviews regarding twachauttapati, twachastara and concomitant skin disorders. Skin, the largest organ of human body[5], holds significant prominence in maintaining normal human physiological condition. Twachapareeksha is also explained among eight tool of Ashtavidha pareeksha.[6] The knowledge of Rachana Sharir and Kriya Sharir is of pronounced importance as skin is the most important factor involved in the pathogenesis of any disease which is established in the skin. Twachais the seat for various twacharogas. Skin (Twacha) is one of the imperative presentable organof the body. It has a certain role in one’s personality. So, disorders of skin (twacha) distress not only on somatic level but also on psychological level too. To get a suitable idea of disorder one must know the normal echo-texture. Hence standard condition of skin (twacha) is necessary. Hence the twacha rendering to Rachana Sharir and Kriya Sharir has to be studied in depth. Skin is one of the sensory organs and thus supports in knowledge. It is in a method wrapper of the entire body not only outwardly but also internally.

Keywords: Twacha, Skin.


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