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Abstract

AN OVERVIEW OF JANPADODHWANS AND IT'S MANAGEMENT THROUGH AYURVEDA IN CONTEXT OF COVID-19

Dr. Urvashi Sharma*, Dr. Yogiraj Mishra*, Dr. Ashok Kumar Sharma, Dr. K. L. Sharma and Dr. Rekhraj Meena

ABSTRACT

An epidemic is a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region. And a pandemic is an epidemic that’s spread over multiple countries or continents. Acharya Charaka described epidemic as janpadodhawans; destruction of specific population due to any reason. Communicable diseases are the most common causes for janpadodhawans. At present the World is going through a pandemic which is known as COVID19. Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak that originated in China. The virus is now known as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease it causes is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. The acharya charaka described that different people have different prakruti, sarata, bala, deha, aahar-vihaar but comman factors like air, water, environment, and time (season, age) are vitiated then it may lead diseases to specific area which termed as janpadodhwans.[1] There is no vaccine available to prevent COVID-19 till now, we can only take steps to reduce risk of infection. Achara charaka mentioned that the janpadodhwans (spreading of communicable diseases) related to lifestyle of an individual and people having disturbed lifestyle and mental health are more vulnerable to communicable diseases.

Keywords: Janpadodhwans, epidemic, dosha, dharma, pragyapradh etc.


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