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Abstract

TO STUDY VARIOUS FACTORS AFFECTING GLYCEMIC CONTROL AND DRUG PRESCRIPTION PATTERN AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS - A PROSPECTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Meenakshi Bhattacharya*, Amruta Kadam, Pallavi Chalak, Moreshwar Lad and Paresh Mahaparale

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the status of glycemic control and study various factors associated with glycemic control, drug prescription pattern of anti-diabetic drugs, and medication adherence of patients by using the Morisky scale- A Prospective Cross-Sectional Observational single-center study. Method: 301 samples were included in the study and noted in the case report form. Factors affecting glycemic control, drug prescribing pattern, and medication adherence were analyzed. Result: The maximum number of patients (29.6%) affected by diabetes under the study, between the age group of 61-70 years. 44.9% of patients were highly adherent. maximum patients(80.7%) were having stress.(71.0%) patients were not engaged regularly with exercise. duration of diabetes in study was (36.2%) in between 1-5 years. (97.0%) patients were of type 2 diabetes. The prescription pattern showed that metformin was most prescribed drug (37.9%), glimepiride (14.6%) followed by combination therapy (21.9%). Conclusion: The present study highlights that most important factors influencing poor glycemic control in that population were age, stress, exercise, and duration of diabetes.

Keywords: Diabetes, glycemic control, prescription pattern.


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