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Dr. Preeti Prajapat*, Dr. Suman Bishnoi, Dr. Pramod Kumar Mishra and Dr. Indu Sharma


Health is a state of complete physical, mental, spiritual & social wellbeing. Hypertension is one amongst the most alarming health problem of present era due to sedentary lifestyle and environmental factors. Hypertension is silent killer of mankind. It is an independent predisposing factor for heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, renal disease and peripheral arterial disease. Worldwide high blood pressure is estimated to cause 7.1 million deaths, about 13 percent of the global fatality total. Across WHO regions, research indicates that about 62 percent of strokes and 49 percent of heart attacks are caused by high blood pressure. The clear cut description of Hypertension is not available in Ayurveda Texts. Acharya Charaka has mentioned to treat such Diseases without Nomenclature by judging the involvement of Dosha, Dushya, Srotas etc. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the factors responsible Essential hypertension along with its Samprati(pathogenesis). On the basis of previous literary and clinical work on this topic which point out a prime role of Vyanavayu in association with Pitta and Kapha. This suggests different opinions regarding Ayurvedic nomenclature for Hypertension such as Vyana-bala Vaishmaya, Raktagata Vata, Dhamani Purnata, Siragata vata, Dhamani pratichaya etc. Ayurvedic treatment for Hypertension aims at balancing these Doshas. Proper diet habits, Regular exercise, Yoga, Meditation along with Ayurvedic herbs can prove beneficial to balance the mind and reduce stress and maintain the blood pressure.

Keywords: Dosha, Dushya, Srotas, Samprapti, Vyana-bala Vaishmaya, Chikitsa.

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