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Abstract

A CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF AVYAVA UTPATTI AS DESCRIBED IN SUSHRUT SAMHITA

Nishtha Yadav Negi*

ABSTRACT

Ayurveda is the first ancient knowledge about the shrishti-uttapatti, panchmahabhuta, gunas, doshas, swastha sanrakshana, Vikruti medicine etc. All this knowledge has been compiled by the sages in samhitas. One such samhita is sushrut Samhita that gives us knowledge about the development of human being. How every part of the human body got its origin way before embryology in modern science came into existence. The causative agent in the development of Sharira is the union, division and multiplication of cells by vayu and nature of activities with the latest discoveries and advancement in the field of medicine, each and every minute details and aspect of human
embryology has been studied in advance details and still more and more is being explored. This has been possible with the help of different tools and techniques of the modern world. But in this present era of modern science one cannot put aside the thousand years of literature and knowledge of Ayurveda where acharyas have beautifully described human embryology in terms of Garbhadhan vidhi, Masanumasik garbha vriddhi and other aspect of garbha sharir with their deep insight of knowledge even in the absence of present diagnostic tools. Detailed description is available in Samhitsa regarding garbha, garbhavkranti and masanumasik garbha vridhi. Acharya Sushrut has mentioned how the Avyavas of the human body developed by different components. The following article would deal with the correlation of ayurvedic and embryological components forming different avyavas as mentioned in Sushuruta Samhita. The effort would be to highlight the proper understanding of the theme’s in present understanding of facts and to corelate the factual ideas in the light of the modern science under the heading of development of Avyavas or role of its governing factors. The Garbhavkranti and understanding of ‘Grarbha factors taking part in the formation of different avyava of foetus have been delt mainly based on material available in Ayurveda mainly sushrut Samhita.

Keywords: Garbha, Avyava.


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