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Abstract

A CLINICO-EPIDEMOLOGICAL STUDY OF ACNE VULGARIS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, SVIMS TIRUPATI

Surekha A.*, Thatiparti Ram Sharan, T. Keerthi, V. Snehaseela, J. Kiran Kumari and M. Ganesh Kumar

ABSTRACT

Background: Acne vulgaris is the most common disease of the skin that affects both adolescents and adults most commonly adolescents. It is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis of pilosebaceous unit of the skin. The pilosebaceous follicle characterized by comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, cysts and scars. Objective: The objective of the study is to access the burden of the disease associated with Acne Vulgaris for all age groups & Provide an overview of the Epidemiology, Treatment options, adverse drug reaction monitoring for Acne in the study population of Tertiary care Hospital, SVIMS, Tirupati. Materials and Methods: A Hospital based prospective observational study was carried out by evaluating and assessing the clinical profiles of 100 patients who attended DVL OPD at Sri Padmavathi Medical College for Women, SVIMS, Tirupati over a period of 6 months form July 2019 to Dec 2019 were included in the study. Patients with multiple skin disorders and steroid induced acne were excluded. The response of the participants was recorded and analysed using SPSS Software. Results: In this study among 100 subjects, female (66%) were more affected with acne vulgaris compared to males (34%). Mean age group between 11- 20 years (Mean age 22.20± 6.721) with 49%. According to grading, grade II was the most prevalent (59%) followed by grade I (28%) followed by grade III (11%) followed by grade IV (2%). In this study face was the most common site involved. The most common aggravating factor was stress (93%). Other aggravating factors are sun exposure (85%), dietary factors (80%), females with menstrual flare (21%), multiple drug use (18%), dandruff (9%), industrial exposure (2%), other factors (2%). In this study the commonly prescribed drugs are topicals (73%) followed by topical with oral therapy (27%) were prescribed. Conclusion: This study brings out the clinical profile of acne vulgaris in tertiary care hospital, SVIMS, Tirupati.

Keywords: Acne Vulgaris, Pilosebaceous, erythamatous papules, pustules, nodules, scars, isoniazide, Benzoyl Peroxide.


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