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Abstract

TO EVALUATE THE Anti-MICROBIAL EFFICIENCY OF CHLOROHEXIDINE, NISIN, CHITOSAN, AND IgY ANTIBODIES AGAINST Enterococcus faecalis, AND Candida albicans

Dr. Mahenthiran R.*, Sri Alamelu K.V. and Sornambiga Ravi

ABSTRACT

Intracanal medicament are used to treat root canal pathogens in endodontic treatment. Most common root canal pathogens are Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans Apart from this Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus oralis, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Campylobacter rectus, Propionibacterium spp are few pathogens that causes infection in root canal. Enterococcus faecalis is a cocci Gram-positive facultative anaerobe, and it is the most prevalent species isolated from the root canals of previously root-filled teeth with chronic apical periodontitis, affected up to 77% of cases. This microorganism can survive extreme conditions, including exposure to different chemicals used in endodontic therapy by the starvation state. The occurrence of Candida albicans (C. albicans) reported in infected root canals with persistent cases of apical periodontitis varies between 7% and 18%, but yeasts can also be isolated in primary apical periodontitis. C. albicans is typically found with Gram- positive bacteria, such as streptococci, although it can be isolated in pure culture, which is an indication of its pathogenicity. A variety of virulence factors enable C. albicans to adhere to and penetrate into human dentine. Moreover, C. albicans can tolerate adverse environmental conditions, including high alkalinity.

Keywords: Enterococcus faecalis, Candida albicans, ELISA, IgY.


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