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Goran Bokan*, Zoran Mavija and Vlado ?aji?


Background: Numerous etiological agents cause liver cirrhosis, and in our region alcohol is the most common etiological agent. Liver cirrhosis in the stage of decompensation is accompanied by a large number of complications. The aim of this study was to examine how often complications and comorbidities were present in alcoholic liver cirrhosis in patients hospitally treated in our health institution. Material and methods: We used the datas from discharge letters for hospitalized patients with decompensated alcoholic liver cirrhosis, both sexes, treated in the last 3 years. Results: 151 patients participated in the study, with a predominance of males (82.10%), with an average age of 58.63 years. The most common complications were ascites and varices of the esophagus with a share of 74.17% and 59.60%, respectively. The most common comorbidities were congestive heart failure (14.57%) and diabetes without chronic complications (13.91%). 38 patients died within 3 years of the observed period, which is 25.16%. Conclusion: Our research speaks in favor of the high prevalence of comorbidities and complications of alcoholic liver cirrhosis, as well as high mortality rates as a consequence of its complications.

Keywords: alcoholic liver cirrhosis, comorbidities, complications.

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