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Abstract

ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SROTAS AND AGNI WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HETU AND LAKSHANA

Dr. Amrapali M. Gacche*, Dr. M. Yusuf M. Shareef Sheikh and Dr. B. E. Borkar

ABSTRACT

Sharira is formed by innumerable number of Pramaṇu, which are in present time considered as cells. For the existence of life, the three elements i.e. Praṇa, Udaka and Anna are very important, body which is constituted by the seven Dhatus and the end products formed in the body due to catabolism of Dhatus i.e. Mutra, Purrṣa and Sveda, which all are 13 in number and so Acharyas have also described thirteen types of Srotas carrying each of them. Moola of Srotas is anatomical base of the respective Srotas, the main seat of pathology of that channel (Srotas) or the principal seat of manifestation of disease The moola of Srotas as described by Acharyas is different. Ayurveda has described an important factor of digestion and metabolism in our body as Agni. Ingested food is to be digested, absorbed and assimilated, which is unavoidable for the maintenance of life, and is performed by Agni in Ayurveda. The term “Agni” is used in the sense of digestion of food and metabolic products. According to the functions and sites of action, Agni has been divided into 13 types, About the importance of Agni, Acharya charak has mentioned that after stoppage of the function of Agni, the individual dies, and when the Agni of an individual is sama, then that person would be absolutely healthy and would lead a long, happy, healthy life. But, if the Agni of a person is vitiated, the whole metabolism in his body would be disturbed, resulting in ill health and disease. Hence, Agni is said to be the base (mool) of life. Agni should be normal (Samagni). Agni consist digestive (Pak) and different kinds of hormones, enzyme and co enzymes activities etc. which participate in digestive & metabolic functions. It is believed to be the agency for various types of metabolic transformations. During each and every second various procedure of transformations take place inside the human body. Enumeration of Agni varies in various classical Ayurvedic texts. According to various functions and site of action, Ayurveda consider that no disease ever be develop without the derangement of Agni. Therefore in the management of each and every disease, Srotas and Agni gets primary focus.

Keywords: Hence, Agni is said to be the base (mool) of life. Agni should be normal (Samagni).


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