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*Dr. Pramodkumar Bibhishan Jamadar and Dr. M. S. Joshi


Ayurveda is a holy science of Indian medical systems. It is upveda of Atharaveda which further divides into eight main branches. Shalakyatantra is is one of the main branch of Ashtang Ayurveda. In shalakyatantra mainly urdhwajartugat roga and their management is described. Term urdhwajatrugata means elements above the clavicle such as eye, ear, nose, head, neck, throat etc. Among them eye is the most beautiful and important sense organ according to all acharya. Ayurvedic ophthalmology is mainly found in sushruta uttartantra where kriyakalpa is explained. This is explained in detail in Kriyakalpa adhaya of sushrut uttartantra. Aschyotana is one the main kriyakalpa described by sushruta in uttartantra. Kriyakalpa are nothing but ayurvedic ocular therapeutic used by our aachrya. Aschyotana relives ocular symptoms in initial phase of disease by its guna karma and potency. In Aschyotana anjan vidhi acharya vagbhata describe Aschyotana as a first line of treatment in Netrarogas. Now a days eye drops are routinely used in ophthalmology as diagnostic and therapeutic purpose. Aschyotana is nothing but pouring drop.by drop drugs in eyes. Acharya sushruta described three types of Aschyotana according to prakupit dosha. They are namely snehana, ropana, and lekhana in vitiated vata pitta and kapha dosha rerespectively. Aschyotana acts locally and prevents symptoms like Netra ruja (eyeache) Netra kandu (itching sensation) daah (burning sensation) raaga (redness of eyes) toda (pricking sensation) ashru (epiphora) etc.

Keywords: Kriyakalpa, Aschyotana, ocular therapeutics Netraruja, Netrakandu, dash, raaga, toda, ashru.

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