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Dr. Swarup P. Kulkarni*


As per Ashtang Sangraha Sharirsthan, kleda presnt between dhatu and aashay gets paak (solid) due to heat and called as kala. There are 7 kala. Kala is innermost limiting lining of Dhatus and Aashayas. Kala is the structure between Dhatu and Aashay or it is the structure inside the dhatu itself. According to Sushrutacharya, kala is that limiting layer of body organs and tissues which keep them in normal position. Here the word is used for organs also. Kala can be correlated with Membrane, Fascia, Covering etc. structures as per Anatomy. The term Kala is used for, Membrane – This may be fibrous, mucous and serous, One of the Sharir Ghatak (Part of the body), Sheath, Septum, Guna (Qualities). Just as pith (centre of the wood) when the wood (stem of tree) is cut / split, similarly when the dhatus such as mansa (muscles) are cut kala becomes visible. Kalas are differentiated as, Snayupraticchanna Kala (Covered from ligaments / Fibrous membrane), Jarayusantat Kala (Expansion or Continuation of foetal coverings / Serous membrane) and Shleshmavesthit Kala (Coated with Kapha / Mucous membrane). Also Kala is classified under 7 categories as Mansadhara, Raktadhara, Medodhara, Pittadhara, Purishdhara, Shukradhara and Shleshmadhara kala.

Keywords: Kala, Membrane, 3 developmental stages of kala.

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